Code Blue Extreme Cold
Code Blue Extreme Cold Alert Information
The Health Commissioner declares a Code Blue Extreme Cold Alert during periods of extremely cold weather. Code Blue Extreme Cold is a multi-agency effort to reduce hypothermia deaths during the winter months by protecting our City's homeless, seniors, and other vulnerable populations.
The Health Commissioner may declare a Code Blue Extreme Cold Alert based on the following criteria:
- When temperatures, including wind chill, are expected to be 13˚F or below. This threshold can be reached by having a temperature at or below 20˚F with 5 mph sustained winds or a temperature at or below 25˚F with 15 mph sustained winds.
- When other conditions (i.e. strong winds, forecasted precipitation for more than two hours, extended periods of cold, sudden cold after a warm period) are deemed by the Health Commissioner to be severe enough to present a substantial threat to the life or health of vulnerable Baltimore citizens.
When possible, the decision to declare Code Blue Extreme Cold Alert will be made by 5:00 p.m. on the previous business day or by 5:00 p.m. on Friday before the weekend in which extreme winter weather is forecasted. When appropriate, the declaration will specify the risk period as “all day” or “night only” based on forecasted temperatures.
Individuals unsure of whether a Code Blue Extreme Cold Alert is in effect can call 311 for details. 311 operators will provide homeless shelter locations, safety tips, and information about extreme cold-related illness and risk factors.
Residents can also call 311 to report specific concerns about vulnerable neighbors during Code Blue Extreme Cold Alerts. Call 911 if you are having a cold-related emergency.
A Code Blue Extreme Cold declaration triggers several responses aimed at providing shelter and services for homeless individuals.
- City-funded shelters will increase their capacity and shelter-in-place to ensure any homeless individual wanting shelter will be accommodated. Private homeless shelters will be encouraged to extend their hours and keep individuals indoors.
- Homeless Services Outreach Workers provide cold weather education, encourage individuals experiencing homelessness to take shelter, and connect them to services as needed.
- On nights when Code Blue Extreme Cold has been declared, the Salvation Army FEEDMORE canteen provides hot drinks and other items to individuals experiencing homelessness.
A list of City Homeless Shelters and Services is available through the Mayor's Office of Homeless Services.
Those without home heating are particularly vulnerable to hypothermia and other cold-related health problems. The Baltimore City Community Action Partnership provides subsidies to assist low-income residents with heating bills. Individuals who need help paying their heating bills should contact the Office of Home Energy Programs at 410-396-6406 or visit their website.
Energy Assistance Application (English)
Energy Assistance Application (Spanish)
Seniors can get assistance completing and mailing energy assistance applications by contacting the Office of CARE Services at 410-396-CARE (2273). City residents can also get assistance completing the application at any of the City Community Action Partnership (CAP) Centers. To see a list of City CAP Center sites click here.
The Department of Housing and Community Development (DHCD) Division of Homeownership and Housing Preservation also offers weatherization or energy efficiency programs for applicants with incomes at or below 200% of the Federal Poverty Level. For more information visit their website: https://dhcd.baltimorecity.gov/hho/weatherization-and-repairs.
BGE has a special needs program for seniors and other customers who require power to run life support equipment in their home. For more information see BGE’s Special Needs Customers webpage or call 1-800-735-2258.
Extreme Cold Weather and Preparedness Tips
Cold Weather Tips For Pets
Cold Weather Tips (ASPCA)
Protect Your Pet During Winter and Cold Weather (Humane Society)
Cold Weather Pet Safety (American Veterinary Medical Association)
Winter Weather/Storm Tips and Information
Code Blue Extreme Cold Plan
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